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Scottish Claymores

The History

The Scottish Claymores (Scotland in box scores) were an American football team from Scotland. The franchise played in the World League of American Football (later renamed NFL Europe) between 1995 and 2004, alternately playing home games at Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh and Hampden Park, Glasgow. In ten seasons of NFL Europe play, the Claymores reached the World Bowl on two occasions, with victory in World Bowl IV but defeat in World Bowl VIII. Their name derives from that of the Claymore, a double-edged sword historically used in Scottish clan warfare.

The Claymores experienced several notable swings in fortune during their ten years. Their World Bowl-winning season of 1996 was the league's first worst-to-first turnaround: having finished 1995 with a 2-8 record and no wins at home, the 1996 Claymores went 7-3 in the regular season and won all their home games. Equally remarkable was the contrast between their first home games of the 2003 and 2004 seasons. In week 1 of the 2003 season, the Claymores defeated the Berlin Thunder 62-31 - the highest scoring game in NFL Europe history - but in 2004 their home opener was a 3-0 defeat at the hands of the Amsterdam Admirals, tying the record for the league's lowest-scoring game.


In 1992, the World League of American Football was put on hold by the NFL, with the intention of restructuring the league to become completely European-based. As a result, the three existing European teams in Barcelona, London and Frankfurt survived to be joined by three new teams, and in 1994 it was announced that Edinburgh had been awarded one of them (along with Amsterdam and Dusseldorf). The Claymores were assigned former Arena Football League coach Lary Kuharich to be their first head coach, but just days before their first game against Rhein, Kuharich was dismissed and replaced by former Boise State head coach Jim Criner.


1995 season

The Claymores' first roster included five players sent to the club from the NFL, including quarterbacks Matt Blundin from the Kansas City Chiefs and Lee Williamson from the Houston Oilers; as with all World League teams, it included 7 "national" players, including wide-receiver Scott Couper. The Claymores played their first-ever game in Edinburgh on April 9, 1995, a 19-17 loss to the Rhein Fire (Coincidentally, the Claymores' three worst seasons (1995, 1998 and 2004: all 2-8) would all begin in the same way: with the Claymores falling to week 1 defeat on a missed field goal. In the other 7 seasons, the Claymores started 1-0). The team's first win came two weeks later, 20-14 over the Galaxy in Frankfurt. Six straight defeats followed however, including a 31-0 shutout to the Amsterdam Admirals and an overtime loss to the Fire, before winning the final game of the regular season 22-9 against British rivals the London Monarchs.

The Claymores finished bottom of the six-team division with its 2-8 record. Criner used four quarterbacks over the course of the season; Blundin, Williamson, Terry Karg and a brief outing for Jim Ballard. The team's offensive leader was Siran Stacy, who rushed for 785 yards and 5 touchdowns, and caught receptions totalling 324 yards. Allan DeGraffenreid also made 624 receiving yards and four touchdowns. Attendances were around the 10,000 mark to begin, but slumped as low as 6,800 for the final home game of the season.


1996 season

The Claymores made an aggressive marketing push for the 1996 campaign under new general manager Mike Keller, which even included bringing in former Scotland Rugby union captain Gavin Hastings as a placekicker. Criner's 1996 roster featured an increased number of signed NFL players. Quarterback Steve Matthews (like Blundin, contracted to the Chiefs) opened the season, but when returnee Jim Ballard showed greater consistency coming off the bench to replace an injured Matthews in week 7, Ballard would get the nod for the remainder of the season. Starting 1996 where they had left off 1995, the Claymores opened with an overtime victory over the London Monarchs, followed up with home wins against the Barcelona Dragons (23-13) and the Amsterdam Admirals (21-14). Despite defeat away to Rhein the 3-1 start propelled the Claymores into a mid-season showdown with the unbeaten Frankfurt Galaxy on May 11, where under WLAF rules the winner would advance to the World Bowl as hosts. A 20-0 win meant the championship game was coming to Edinburgh. The Claymores ran out the regular season with a 7-3 record to top the division. On June 23, the Claymores again faced the Galaxy in World Bowl 96 at Murrayfield. The hosts rode three touchdown passes from Ballard to game MVP Yo Murphy and held off a late rally to win 32-27, thus completing the WLAF's first worst-to-first turnaround in front of a crowd of 38,982.

Siran Stacy was again influential in offense, with a nearly-identical haul to his previous season's; 780 rushing yards and 317 receiving yards, for 9 touchdowns. Sean LaChapelle was a thousand-yard receiver but forced out of the World Bowl with a groin injury, while Yo Murphy managed five touchdowns on the season. On defense, safety George Coghill picked 5 interceptions, one returned for a touchdown. Coghill also forced a Galaxy fumble from the opening kickoff in the World Bowl, with all-round special teams player Markus Thomas returning the spilled ball for a touchdown; he also led the team in tackles, and caught one pass on offense. Safety James Fuller shared Coghill's total of five interceptions, while defensive tackle Jerold Jeffcoat - brother of the Dallas Cowboys' Jim - had 5 sacks on the season.


1997 season

Scotland's 1997 season opened with a 16-3 victory in Amsterdam, followed up by back-to-back defeats and closing out the first half of the season 3-2. Two more straight wins improved World Bowl prospects, but a narrow 10-9 defeat to the Monarchs in the penultimate week left the Claymores needing a victory in Barcelona against the Dragons - however, they were trounced 46-18 and finished the season 5-5, surrendering the second World Bowl spot to Barcelona in the process.

Quarterback time was shared between the San Francisco 49ers' Dave Barr and the Miami Dolphins' Spence Fischer (who doubled as occasional punter). However, they managed just 4 touchdown passes combined while throwing 10 interceptions and sharing 31 sacks. Siran Stacy completed another 785-yard rushing season with four touchdowns; Yo Murhpy was the leading receiver with 559 yards and 2 touchdowns; only he, Scott Couper and Allan DeGraffenreid completeed touchdown passes on the season. George Coghill again led the defense in tackles.


1998 season

A much-changed 1998 roster saw World Bowl-winning quarterback Jim Ballard back in Scotland after missing 1997; however, two of the team's offensive leaders from the previous year, Siran Stacy, and Yo Murphy, did not return. Jim Criner led his team into the opening game in Barcelona, where kicker Gary Parker missed what would have been a game-winning field goal from 31 yards, the Claymores losing out 19-18. Three more defeats followed in Amsterdam (26-3), at home to the Fire (20-10) and at the now-England Monarchs (14-10), with the first win of the season only coming in Week 5, 30-10 over the Dragons. Their 1-4 start made World Bowl qualification very unlikely; their week 6 defeat to the Fire (perfect to this point in the season) sealed their fate. The side slumped to bottom of the division, finishing 2-8.

The new-lock backs and receivers failed to match previous seasons' yardage figures; leading rusher Carey Bender made 441 yards, while Chris Miller topped the receiving statistics with 34 receptions for 527 yards. In total the Claymores managed just twelve offensive touchdowns in ten games, punting the ball 53 times.

Off the field, it was a troubled season for Scotland in the now rebranded NFL Europe League, where leaked information that a third German team was to be founded to add to the already successful Fire and Galaxy sparked concerns the Claymores may be closed down (eventually, it would be the England Monarchs who would be replaced by the Berlin Thunder). It was also during the 1998 season the Claymores played at Hampden Park in Glasgow for the first time, a week 8 loss to the Galaxy (originally, the Glasgow game was scheduled to be the week 10 visit of the Amsterdam Admirals at Firhill Stadium).


1999 season

For 1999, Scotland were allocated Carolina Panthers quarterback Dameyune Craig, who opened the season with a narrow 21-20 win over the Rhein Fire, rushing for the winning touchdown himself late in the fourth quarter. The Claymores then hammered the league's newest team, the Berlin Thunder, 48-14, Shon Bell catching two touchdown passes from tight-end. An overtime loss to Frankfurt followed; but by the time Scotland had returned to Frankfurt in Week 6, winning with a reverse of the 42-35 scoreline that the Galaxy had earned in Week 3, Scotland were 4-2 and in contention to reach World Bowl VII. However the team then collapsed to four consecutive defeats, two of them back-to-back against Amsterdam, and finished ahead of only Berlin in the final standings.

The side's leading rusher in 1999 was Jesse Haynes, with quarterback Craig contributing 50 rushing attempts and 3 touchdowns. Haynes totalled eleven touchdowns, seven rushing and four receiving. Yo Murphy returned to the Claymores with four touchdown catches (and an 89-yard kickoff return for a touchdown) but the leading wide receiver was Donald Sellers, who totalled 931 receiving yards for seven touchdowns.

Although the Claymores finished the 1999 season with a losing record, there would still be a historical moment: Craig would throw for 611 yards in the road victory in Frankfurt, a record passing total in professional American football. The helmet and number 2 jersey Craig wore that night are on display in the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio.


2000 season

The 2000 Claymores were fronted primarily by Kevin Daft; a 32-year old Siran Stacy was on the roster for 2000 but had very little playing time. Like previous seasons, the Claymores opened positively with opening wins against Amsterdam and in Frankfurt. A 42-3 demolition of the Berlin Thunder sent the Claymores to 3-1, but with World Bowl qualification in the balance, the Claymores strung together three big late-season wins; with defeat over the Fire at Hampden on June 10 secured a World Bowl finale between those teams. Scotland led 7-3 when Aaron Stecker went over with a 36-yard first-quarter rush, exchanging field-goals for a 10-6 halftime lead. Pepe Pearson scored the second half's only touchdown for the Fire, leaving Rob Hart to attempt a game-tying field goal with eight seconds left; it sailed left, and Scotland lost World Bowl VIII in what turned out to be Criner's last game as head coach as he would depart for the XFL.

2000 was much more successful offensively for Scotland; Aaron Stecker, an allocation from the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, was the first Scotland running back to near Stacy's early-season figures with 774 rushing yards, 276 receiving yards and 11 total touchdowns. Sellers again led Scotland in receiving yards (353, 5 touchdowns). Scott Couper caught three touchdown passes; in total, the Claymores outscored their opponents by 37 touchdowns to 18. Three Claymores shared a season-leading total of seven sacks; Antonio Dingle, Michael Mason and Jabbar Threats.


2001 season

For 2001 - the first season under Criner's replacement, Gene Dahlquist and the first home campaign that would be played entirely in Glasgow - the new Scotland quarterback was the Dallas Cowboys' Clint Stoerner; however offensive leaders of 2000 like Stecker failed to return. Close games were the nature of Scotland's early season, trading wins for losses and vice versa over the opening six games, never by a margin of more than ten points. With the Claymores at 3-3 as the season entered its crucial period in June, the 2001 Claymores lost three games on the bounce as their predecessors had won them. A consolation victory against the Fire completed another losing season, the third in five years, 4-and-6.

Stoerner completed around 55% of passes on the season and threw 10 touchdowns, compared to Daft's previous-season tally of 24. His primary target was tight-end James Whalen, a fellow Cowboys recruit, while Dante Hall provided five touchdown catches; the only other Claymores to catch a touchdown pass were Scott Couper and Gerald Williams. Anothony Gray led the Claymores in rushing at 445 yards and half of the franchise's four rushing touchdowns on the year.


2002 season

Another year, another quarterback for Scotland; their fifth starter in five years was the Detroit Lions' Scott Driesbach. His season opened well with a 45-17 demolition of Barcelona; Driesbach's first play in a Claymores uniform was a touchdown pass to Scott McCready. The win was the only victory of Scotland's first four games, as they slumped to defeats of less than a touchdown to Rhein and Frankfurt (twice). Scotland did not contest a game decided by less than ten points throughout the season's remainder; three straight wins took them back to a promising 4-3, but back-to-back defeats against the Berlin Thunder ended World Bowl hopes. Defeating Barcelona - for the first time ever - ended a .500 season.

Driesbach completed just 95 passes all season, and was replaced with James Brown; totalling just 1518 offensive yards were top receivers McCready and Dondre Gilliam. Scotland's rushing game was a one-man show, with #29 Herbert Goodman making 873 yards and every one of Scotland's six rushing touchdowns. To sixteen offensive touchdowns were added three interception returns, including a 69-yarder by James Rooths. Rob Hart was a perfect 10-10 in field goals, sharing kicking time with Scottish-born kicker Lawrence Tynes.


2003 season

For 2003, Craig Nall was recruited from the Green Bay Packers to play at quarterback; Scott McCready was one of few players to return for a second Claymores season. An NFL Europe scoring record came with Scotland's opening 62-31 defeat of the World Bowl champion Thunder. There were four rushing touchdowns for Ken Simonton and a TD catch on return from "retirement" for Scott Couper. Over the next five games, Scotland added just one victory however, and were all but out of World Bowl contention by mid-May Shutting out the Rhein Fire 33-0 rekindled hopes, and strong victories over Barcelona and Amsterdam twice brought around a 6-4 conclusion, matching the season's best; however, they were denied a spot in World Bowl XI on the tie-breaker of net results with the Frankfurt Galaxy and Rhein Fire, which was increasingly unfortunate as the World Bowl was to be staged at Hampden Park.

Ken Simonton resprised Herbert Goodman's rushing role, totalling just two yards (and two touchdowns) less than Goodman's tally. Maurice Hicks received 74 handoffs as well, scoring four rushing touchdowns, including a 93-yarder. Through the air, Nall's best receivers were Edell Shepherd (518 yards, 4 touchdowns) and John Minardi (470 yards, 5 touchdowns). Ten Claymores caught touchdown passes on the season. TJ Bingham took seven sacks on defense.[28]

Dahlquist was fired after the 2003 season, and after the Barcelona Dragons became the second NFL Europe team to be relocated to Germany (becoming the Cologne Centurions) their head coach Jack Bicknell stepped into the vacancy. In his single season in charge, the Claymores finished 2-8.


2004 season

2004 opened very poorly for Scotland, with four consecutive losses to open up the season. Only a 13-12 win over the Rhein Fire prevented a first-half shut-out. The same 1-4 record was posted for the second half of the season, completing a 2-8 season for the third time (equal worst in the team's history) and failure to qualify for World Bowl XII.



On October 21, 2004, NFL Europe announced that the Scottish Claymores would be discontinued in favour of a franchise in a more competitive German market. While Scotland's attendance average over their 10-season history of 11,306 was comparable to some Scottish Premier League clubs,[30] teams in Germany were able to consistently bring in more support. Scotland were ultimately replaced by the Hamburg Sea Devils on November 24 for the 2005 NFL Europe season. Despite closing, the Scottish Claymores identity is being maintained to induct players to their Hall of Fame, and as a means for promoting amateur American football in Scotland.The team may be potentially revived for a new Arena Football league to be based in Europe after the AFL entered negotiations with the NFL commisionair to buy the rights to the team.

Claymores' GM's Letter to the Fans

CLAYMORES General Manager STEVE LIVINGSTONE has thanked all Claymores fans for their thoughts and support following the announcement of the closure of the Claymores last week.

Dear Claymores' Supporter,

Last week, the NFL Europe League announced that our operations here in Scotland were to discontinue. The League has based this decision on economics and believes that it can gain greater returns at a faster rate by establishing another team in Germany than continuing the League in its present format. I am desperately disappointed that the League took this decision and I am devastated for all of our fans, supporters and our staff who have all worked so hard during the last 10 seasons to make the Claymores the success we have been.

We do not believe that the Claymores have failed. Despite indifferent seasons on the field during the last four seasons, we have grown our business in Glasgow off the field, increasing our season ticket holders, support and sponsorship for the club while at the same time developing strong partnerships in the community and with the City of Glasgow.

We recently hosted a very successful World Bowl and our schools development in local authorities across Scotland had been a model programme and has been growing at a phenomenal rate, generating a whole new generation of fans for the NFL.

Everyone associated with the Claymores is proud of the considerable successes that we have achieved here in Scotland during the past ten seasons - outside of the Old Firm, we were one of the best-supported teams in the country. I would like to thank everyone who has contacted the club over the last few days to offer their condolences and messages of support. It has been truly touching.

We are currently going through a wind down of our operations at our front office, however, with the NFL's support we hope to continue to develop the game at grassroots level and I have recently met with the governing bodies in Scotland to explore ways in which we can do this. We have also secured the Claymores name and logo for Scotland and will be looking at ways in which this can be utilised to develop an appropriate legacy.

I would urge all of you to stay involved in this wonderful game that the Claymores worked hard to grow in Scotland. I can understand if your feelings are bitter at present, however, please continue to at least support the game and in particular your local pee-wee, junior, youth and senior amateur teams. Seeing these teams thrive and grow would be the greatest legacy the Claymores could ever hope to achieve. The Claymores website www.claymores.com will continue to promote the amateur game in Scotland.

I would like to take this opportunity to thank you personally for all the wonderful support you have shown the team in our 10 seasons. While none of us can be happy at the current situation, we do have 10 seasons of wonderful memories to cherish - some terrific highs and some real lows - however, I am sure you will remember all of our Claymores times with fondness.

I t really has been a privilege to have been associated with the Claymores and you, our fans, and it has been my pleasure to work with you and serve you all. I would also like to pay tribute to all of our players, coaches, team staff, our wonderful cheerleaders and all of our gameday supporters.

I know I speak for everyone in the Front Office in thanking you for all your support - especially to our season ticket holders, our booster club members and all of the fans who took time out of their lives to come in and assist us with telesales in the last two seasons. The efforts you all went to - particularly in the last two weeks of our last season were tremendous and showed the NFL the true nature of what it is to be a Scottish Claymores fan.

In closing, I would like to say for the last time, Go Claymores! We never, ever quit. Long may our memories run.

21 Oct, 04 | 2:29 pm

Local favourite Couper and Hart lead way into Claymores Hall of Fame. Livingstone honoured.

Scott Couper and Rob Hart lead the six former Scottish Claymores players inducted into the team's Hall of Fame. They join fellow Brits Scott McCready and Robert Flickinger along with Craig Nall and Chris Ward into the Hall. From the non-playing staff, General Manager Steve Livingstone is an honorary inductee.

The Claymores Hall of Fame honours those players, coaches and staff who made the biggest contribution to the team's success.

Couper, a wide receiver and eight-year veteran with the team, holds the team receiving record with 104 receptions for over 1000 yards became a fan favourite in his time with the team. Affectionately known as Scoops, the receiver infused the team with Scots passion.

Kicker Rob Hart, an Englishman, from Southampton, has been involved in many Claymores triumphs in his six years with the team. He set an NFL Europe record with 142 straight extra point conversions in 2004 and led the league in scoring in 2003 with 64 points.

Following Hart into the Hall is quarterback Craig Nall. Nall was the NFL Europe League's leading quarterback in 2003 compiling a 95.9 passer rating and throwing for 2050 yards and 18 touchdowns. Nall is now competing for a starting job with the Buffalo Bills in the NFL after being signed as a free agent from the Green Bay Packers.

Superbowl winner Scott McCready is inducted next. McCready was the Claymores offense in 2004 leading the league in receptions with 59, in the process proving himself as one of the most reliable 'go-to guys' in team history.

Robert Flickinger, the Englishman who played in the US at Georgetown is inducted for his dominating play on the defensive line. 'Flick' was known to go all out to attack the opposition and becoming an ever present threat for the Claymores.

Finally, defensive lineman Chris Ward who holds the Claymores record for career sacks is inducted. Playing on the same line as Flickinger, the two paired up to wreak havoc on opposing teams.

Steve Livingstone joined the Claymores in 1997 as Media Relations Manager having covered the team as a journalist in previous seasons. Following Will Wilson’s departure, Livingstone was appointed as General Manager, a position he held until 2004. He is responsible for bringing World Bowl XI to Glasgow. Livingstone currently works for the Jacksonville Jaguars.

Couper, Hart, Nall, McCready, Flickinger,Ward and Livingstone join the 17 players, two coaches and 1 front office staff member previously inducted in the Hall of Fame.

Organiser Steve Dalgleish of TouchdownClaymores.com commented, "The closeness of the vote to be inducted in the Claymores Hall of Fame goes to show the quality of the nominees. A few votes either way could have changed the final result.

"Fans will be please to see so many fan favourites being honoured. The names Scott Couper and Rob Hart are synonymous with the Scottish Claymores and Steve Livingstone did perhaps more than anyone for the team in his six years with the team. Flick and Scott McCready were terrific ambassadors for the game in Scotland and Craig Nall is making a good name for himself in the USA. You can't say more for Chris Ward's dedication to the team and league, after playing three years in the league, he is now coaching for Rhein Fire."

Over 1,500 votes were received from fans and media contributing to the induction vote.

24 Jun, 06 | 3:00 pm


Who are the Claymores? (another History segment) 

THE Scottish Claymores are Britain's representatives in the six-team NFL Europe League playing against opposition from Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin, Dusseldorf and Frankfurt during an 11-week season from April to June. Each NFL Europe League season culminates in the World Bowl which, in season 2003, was played in Glasgow on June 14. The NFL Europe League is allied to the National Football League - America's biggest sports league. All six NFL Europe League teams are owned and operated by the NFL.

Each NFL Europe League team consists of 34 American players; eight home-based 'national' players and one additional quarterback of any nationality.

The quality of play in the League is second only to the NFL itself. Over 200 players were allocated to the NFL Europe League from 32 NFL teams for the 2003 season.

The Atlantic crossing works both ways. The number of Claymores graduating back to NFL teams continues to grow, with as many as 30 former stars playing for NFL teams during the 2002 season. Furthermore, there was double joy for the Claymores as Barry Sims and Aaron Stecker played for the Oakland Raiders and Tampa Bay Buccaneers respectively at Super Bowl XXXVII.

Team History
Team Name: The Scottish Claymores are named after the historical two-edged sword formerly used by warriors of the Scottish clans.
Team Colours: Blue, Silver and Black
Stadium: Hampden Park, Glasgow

Established in 1995, the Claymores posted a disappointing 2-8 record in their inaugural season at Murrayfield Stadium led by head coach Jim Criner. The next season the club bounced back from worst to first, recording a 7-3 regular season standing, including a 4-1 record to be crowned first-half champions. The Claymores hosted World Bowl '96, defeating Frankfurt Galaxy 32-27 in front of 38,982 fans at Murrayfield on June 23.

 In 1997, the Claymores broke even with a 5-5 regular season record but in 1998 suffered crippling injuries and finished with a 2-8 mark. The Claymores played for first time in Glasgow at the National Stadium Hampden Park during the 98 season - Week 8 loss to Frankfurt.

In 1999, quarterback Dameyune Craig led the Claymores to three wins from their opening four games and threw for an NFL Europe League single-game record 611 yards in a dramatic 42-35 win at Frankfurt in Week 6. That performance earned Craig recognition from the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio, however, despite the young quarterback's efforts, the Claymores could not maintain a winning consistency, fading in the second half of the season to finish 4-6.

Season 2000 saw the Claymores continue to play home games at Hampden and Murrayfield before a return to the World Bowl on the back of a 6-4 winning season. Two Claymores players earned League MVP honours with Tampa Bay Buccaneers allocated running back Aaron Stecker awarded Offensive Player of the Year Honours and Dallas Cowboys allocated cornerback Duane Hawthorne Defensive Player of the Year. However, the Scots were denied ultimate glory losing 13-10 to Rhein Fire in a thrilling finale at Frankfurt's Waldstadion - long-time head coach Jim Criner's last game with the club.

Gene Dahlquist took over as head coach for the Claymores in season 2001 and posted a 4-6 record, with all home fixtures played at Hampden Park for the first time.

Hampden Park lays claim to being the world's oldest football stadium, established in 1867. It holds the record for the largest attendance at a sporting event in Britain when, in 1937 a staggering 149,415 crammed into its stands to watch Scotland play England in a Home International match. Scotland's National Stadium has recently undergone a ?63 million, seven-year re-development making it one of Europe's premier sporting stadia with a capacity of 52,500.

The World Bowl

The World Bowl is the Championship game of the NFL Europe League. Played annually at the conclusion to the 10 game regular season between the teams placed 1 and 2 in the final standings.

To the delight of football fans in Scotland, the NFL and NFL Europe League announced in March that World Bowl XI will be played at Hampden Stadium in Glasgow in June 2003.

One of the heaviest trophies in professional sports, the World Bowl is a solid glass sphere weighing 41lbs and standing 14 inches high. The sphere, which is an outline of the world, was etched with a high-pressured knife by hand. It was produced by John Morrison, of Cornerstone Glassworks of Dallas, Texas. In comparison, the Vince Lombardi Trophy, awarded annually to the winner of the Super Bowl, weighs 6.7 pounds

The game is played at a venue decided before the season. World Bowl 2000 will be played at the Waldstadion in Frankfurt, Germany. Frankfurt has hosted the World Bowl twice while Dusseldorf, Barcelona, Edinburgh, Amsterdam, Montreal and London have all hosted one.


Team Name: The Scottish Claymores are named after the historical two-edged sword formerly used by warriors of the Scottish clans.

Team Colours: Blue, Silver and Black

Established in 1995, the Claymores posted a disappointing 2-8 record in their inaugural season. The next season the club bounced back from worst to first, recording a 7-3 regular season standing, including a 4-1 record to be crowned first-half champions. The Claymores hosted World Bowl '96, defeating Frankfurt Galaxy 32-27 in front of 38,982 fans at Murrayfield on June 23.

In 1997, the Claymores broke even with a 5-5 regular season record, but in 1998 suffered crippling injuries and finished with a 2-8 mark.

In 1999, quarterback Dameyune Craig led the Claymores to three wins from their opening four games and threw for an NFL Europe League single-game record 611 yards in a dramatic 42-35 win at Frankfurt in Week 6. That performance earned Craig recognition from the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio, however, despite the young quarterback's efforts, the Claymores could not maintain a winning consistency, fading in the second half of the season to finish 4-6.

Head coach Jim Criner, who had led the Claymores since 1995, returned for his sixth and final season in 2000.

Season 2000 saw the Claymores continue to play home games at Hampden and Murrayfield before a return to the World Bowl on the back of a 6-4 winning season. Two Claymores players earned League MVP honours with Tampa Bay Buccaneers allocated running back Aaron Stecker awarded Offensive Player of the Year honours and Dallas Cowboys allocated corner back Duane Hawthorne Defensive Player of the Year. However, the Scots were denied ultimate glory when they lost 13-10 to Rhein Fire in a thrilling finale at Frankfurt's Waldstadion.

Gene Dahlquist took over as head coach for the Claymores 2001 season and led his new team to a 4-6 record, with all five home fixtures played at Hampden Park in Glasgow.

The 2002 season saw the Claymores make an emotional return to Edinburgh, playing one game at Murrayfield Stadium in Week 4 - re-match of World Bowl 1996 against Frankfurt Galaxy. Despite a spirited effort and a team that was in contention to the penultimtae weekend of the season, the Claymores finished the season 5-5.

The 2003 season ended badly for the Scottish Claymores when Rhein's 33-7 victory over Barcelona Dragons and Frankfurt's 14-27 loss to Berlin Thunder in their last games of the regular season sent the Scottish Claymores crashing out of contention for World Bowl XI. Despite, the Claymores results of 6 wins and 4 losses, the NFL Europe League tie-breaker system meant that the two teams with the best combined head-to-head records between the top three (Frankfurt 3-1, Rhein 2-2, Scotland 1-3) qualified - with the Claymores losing out on their third World Bowl appearance by the narrowest of margins.

Claymores General Manager STEVE LIVINGSTONE, said: "This is the cruelest of ways for us to lose out on a World Bowl spot - regardless of the way things turned out for us I am proud of our team and our coaching staff of what they have achieved this season. To have come back from 2-4 ranks among the greatest fight backs in our team history.

Hampden Park lays claim to being the world's oldest football stadium, established in 1867. It holds the record for the largest attendance at a sporting event in Britain when, in 1937, a staggering 149,415 crammed into its stands to watch Scotland play England in a Home International match.

Scotland's National Stadium has recently undergone a £63 million, seven year redevelopment making it one of Europe's premier sporting stadia with a capacity of 52,500. It will host the UEFA Champions League final in May 2002.

Thanks Claymores.co.uk for the info


Note: W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties

SeasonWLTFinishPlayoff results
(World League)
1995E2806th League--
1996E7301st LeagueWon World Bowl 96 (Galaxy)
1997E5504th League--
(NFL Europe)
1998S2806th League--
1999S4603rd League--
2000S6402nd LeagueLost World Bowl 2000 (Fire)
2001G4604th League--
2002S5504th League--
2003G6402nd League--
2004G2806th League--
Totals43570(1-1 postseason)

E Home games all played in Edinburgh

G Home games all in Glasgow

S Home games split between the two cities


Hall of Fame

The Scottish Claymores Hall of Fame inducted new members every year from 1999 to 2006, except 2005.

  • 1999: Flag of the United States Siran Stacy, Flag of the United States George Coghill
  • 2000: Flag of the United States Sean LaChapelle, Flag of the United States Mark Sander
  • 2001: Flag of the United States Jim Ballard, Flag of the United States Purvis Hunt, Flag of the United States Jim Criner (head coach)
  • 2002: Flag of the United States Dameyune Craig, Flag of the United States Yo Murphy
  • 2003: Flag of Puerto Rico Marco Rivera, Flag of the United States Aaron Stecker
  • 2004: Flag of the United States Joe Andruzzi, Flag of the United States James Fuller, Flag of the United States Dante Hall, Flag of the United States Duane Hawthorne, Flag of Canada Paul McCallum, Flag of the United States Barry Sims, Flag of the United States Barry Stokes and non-playing staff including the fans in general
  • 2006: Flag of Scotland Scott Couper, Flag of England Robert Flickinger, Flag of England Rob Hart, Flag of the United States Craig Nall, Flag of England Scott McCready, Flag of the United States Chris Ward, Flag of Scotland Steve Livingstone (general manager)


Other notable players not inducted

  • Flag of Scotland/Flag of the United States Lawrence Tynes (2002)
  • Flag of the United States Ben Cavil (2001)
  • Flag of the United States Kevin Daft (2000)
  • Flag of Scotland Gavin Hastings (1996)
  • Flag of the United States Derrell Mitchell (1995)
  • Flag of the United States Blaine McElmurry (2000)
  • Flag of the United States Nick Murphy (2004)
  • Flag of the United States Noel Scarlett (2000)
  • Flag of the United States Donald Sellers (Deceased)(1999, 2000)
  • Flag of the United States/Flag of Ireland Emmett Waldron (1996-1999)


Claymores Records

Individual Records – Career




Rushing (yds)

Siran Stacy (1995-97, 2000)


Rushing (TDs)

Siran Stacy (1995-97,2000)


100-yard rushing games

Siran Stacy (1995-97,2000)


Passing (yds)

Dameyune Craig (1999)


Passing (TDs)

Dameyune Craig (1999)


Receiving (No.)

Yo Murphy (1996-97, 99


Receiving (yds)

Yo Murphy (1996-97, 99)


Receiving (TDs)

Donald Sellers (1999-2000)
Scott Couper (1995-2001, 2003)


Interceptions (No.)

George Coghill (1995-97)



Chris Ward (2000-01)


Tackles (solo + assists)

George Coghill (1995-97)


Punting (Avg)

Chris Dolan (1999)


Kickoff Return (Avg)

James Rooths (2003)


Punt Return (Avg)

Damon Gibson (2000)


Field Goals (No.)

Rob Hart (1999-03)



Rob Hart (1999-2003)



Individual Records – Season




Rushing (yds)

Herbert Goodman 2002


Rushing (TDs)

Ken Simonton 2003


Passing (yds)

Dameyune Craig 1999


Passing (TDs)

Dameyune Craig 1999


Receiving (No.)

James Whalen 2001


Receiving (yds)

Sean LaChapelle 1996


Receiving (TDs)

Sean LaChapelle 1996
Donald Sellers 1999


Interceptions (No.)

George Coghill 1996

James Fuller 1996




Chris Ward 2001


Tackles (solo + assists)

George Coghill 1996


Punting (Avg)

Chris Dolan 1999


Kickoff Return (Avg)

Eric Smith 1997


Punt Return (Avg)

Damon Gibson 2000


Field Goals (No.)

Rob Hart 2001



Jesse Haynes 1999, Aaron Stecker 2000



Individual Records – Single Game




Rushing (yds)

Siran Stacy (@ Rhein 14/5/95)


Rushing (TDs)

Ken Simonton (vs Berlin 6/4/03)


Rushing TD (Longest)

Maurice Hicks (vs Berlin 6/4/03)


Passing (yds)

Dameyune Craig (@ Frankfurt 22/5/99)


Passing (TDs)

Dameyune Craig (@ Frankfurt 22/5/99)


Passing (Longest)

Dameyune Craig to Jesse Haynes (@ Berlin 24/4/99)


Receiving (No.)

Siran Stacy (vs Barcelona 27/5/95)


Receiving (Yds)

Donald Sellers (@ Frankfurt 22/5/99)


Receiving (TDs)

Donald Sellers (@ Frankfurt 22/5/99)


Receiving (Longest)

Scott Couper (@ Barcelona 16/6/96)


Interceptions (No.)

8 Times (Last time, Robbie Robinson (vs Berlin 6/4/03)


Int Return (Longest)

Joey Eloms (vs Frankfurt 5/2/99)



Radell Lockhart (@ Barcelona 31/5/03)


Tackles (solo + assists)

George Coghill (@ Frankfurt 22/4/95)
Alan Campos (vs Frankfurt 2/5/99)


Punting (Ave)

Jon Ballantyne (@ Amsterdam 3/6/00)


Kickoff Returns (Ave)

Eric Smith (@ Barcelona, 14/6/97)


Punt Return (Ave)

JJ Moses (vs Barcelona, 14/4/02)


Field Goals (No.)

Rob Hart (@ Berlin, 2/6/01)


Field Goals (Longest)

Paul McCallum (vs London 9/6/96)



Ken Simonton (vs Berlin 6/4/03)


League Records held by Claymores
Most Consecutive Games Scoring: 45, Rob Hart, 1999-present
Most Touchdowns, Game: 4, Ken Simonton, vs Berlin 6/4/03
Most PAT attempted, Career: 159, Rob Hart
Most PAT attempted, Season: 38, Rob Hart, 2003
Most PAT attempted, Game: 8, Rob Hart, vs Berlin 6/4/03
Most Consecutive PAT: 140, until 10/5/03
Most Field Goals Attempted, Career: 65, Rob Hart 1998-2003
Most Field Goals Scored, Career: 53, Rob Hart 1998-2003
Most Safeties, Season: 1, Robbie Robinson
Most Games 100 or more yards rushing, Season: 4, Ken Simonton RB
Longest Run from Scrimmage: 93 yards, Maurice Hicks, vs Berlin 6/4/03
Most Rushing Touchdowns, Game: 4, Ken Simonton, vs Berlin 6/4/03
Most Yards Gained, Season: 1673, Ken Simonton 2003
Most Yards Gained, Game: 271, Ken Simonton, vs Berlin 6/4/03

Team Records set in 2003
Most Points, Season: 303
Most Points, Game: 62
Most Points, Both Teams, Game: 93 (Scotland 62, Berlin 31), 6/4/03
Most Points, Both Teams, First Half: 59 (Scotland 28, Berlin 31), 6/4/03
Most Points, Both Teams, Second Quarter: 35 (Berlin 21, Scotland 14), 6/4/03
Most Touchdowns, Season: 39
Most Touchdowns, Game: 8, vs Berlin 6/4/03
Most Touchdowns, Both Teams, Game: 12 (Scotland 8, Berlin 4), 6/4/03
Most PAT, Season: 37
Most PAT, Game: 8, vs Berlin, 6/4/03
Most PAT, Both Teams, Game: 12 (Scotland 8, Berlin 4), 6/4/03
Most First Downs, Season: 227
Most First Downs, Game: 31, @ FC Barcelona 31/5/03
Most First Downs, Both Teams, Game: 54 (Scotland 28, Berlin 26) 6/4/03
Most Yards Gained (Rushing and Passing), Season: 4169
Most Consecutive Games, 400 or more yards gained: 3, 24/5/03-present
Most Consecutive Games, 300 or more yards gained: 7, 27/4/03-present
Most Rushing Yards, Season: 1606
Highest Average Gain, Rushing, Season: 5.7
Most Touchdowns, Passing, Season: 26
Fewest Punts, Season: 35
Fewest Fumbles Lost, Season: 4 Miscellaneous Info

The Coaches


Kuharich coached at Temple, Illinois State and California in the late 70s early 80s before joining becoming offensive coordinator of the San Antonio Gunslingers in 1983. He held the same position with the Oakland Invaders and Calgary Stampeders before becoming the Stampeders head coach in 1987. In 1990, Kuharich became the head coach of the BC Lions. Both he and GM Joe Kapp worked to acquire big name players, including Doug Flutie, Major Harris, and Mark Gastineau. Although Flutie played well, Gastineau only appeared in 4 games and Harris spent most of the season on the bench. After a rough 2-7-1 start he was fired along with Joe Kapp.

In 1991 he was the offensive coordinator of the ArenaBowl Champion Tampa Bay Storm. When Fran Curci left to coach the Cincinnati Rockers, he was named the team's new head coach, vice president and general manager. In 1993 he coached the Storm to a 51-31 victory over the Detroit Drive in ArenaBowl VII. He compiled a 35-12 record and three consecutive postseason appearances while in Tampa. He also owns the distinction of being the winning head coach of the AFL’s only All-Star Game.

In 1995 he was assigned by the WLAF to be the Scottish Claymores first head coach. However, just days before their first game against Rhein, Kuharich was dismissed and replaced by former Boise State head coach Jim Criner.

Coach Jim Criner (1995 - 2000)

Jim Criner (born March 30, 1940) is a football coach, formerly the head coach at Boise State (1976-82), Iowa State (1983-86), NFL Europe's Scottish Claymores from 1995 - 2000 (won 1996 World Bowl), and the short-lived XFL's Las Vegas Outlaws (2001). While at Boise State, Criner won the 1980 I-AA national championship.

Most recently Criner was a scout for the Kansas City Chiefs of the NFL under head coach Dick Vermeil, whom he coached with at UCLA in the mid 1970s.

Criner was born in Lurton, Arkansas, and was a four sport athlete at Coachella High School in California. He attended Palo Verde Junior College where he was an All-America at linebacker. He transferred to Cal Poly San Luis Obispo where he was an All-American at linebacker and played fullback as well.

Coach Gene Dahlquist (2001-2003)

Gene Dahlquist is a former American football player and coach. He served as head coach of the NFL Europa's Scottish Claymores from 2001-03, following a career in the collegiate ranks. Dahlquist served as offensive coordinator at five different schools, including Iowa State, Illinois, and Texas.

A native of Mount Prospect, Illinois, Dahlquist played quarterback at Arizona and later for the Norfolk Neptunes in the short-lived Continental Football League.

Caoch Jack Bicknell (2004)

Jack Bicknell (born February 20, 1938) is a retired football coach, most recently known for his long involvement in NFL Europa and its predecessor, the WLAF.

Early positions

Bicknell was the head coach at Maine from 1976 to 1980, earning a 18-35-1 win-loss record. After that, he went to coach at Boston College, where he stayed for ten years. At BC, he was 59-55-1, and was head coach in 1984 when Heisman winner Doug Flutie completed his famous Hail Mary pass to Gerard Phelan to beat Miami as time expired. Incidentally, his son Jack was the center for BC at the time of Flutie's miracle pass.

WLAF - NFL Europe

He was named the head coach of the Barcelona Dragons at their inception in 1991, and served there until October 2003, when he was named head coach of the Scottish Claymores. He has an overall record of 59-55 in his NFL Europe career. Bicknell has made four World Bowl appearances, and has been to three title games in the past six years. In 1991, he led the Barcelona Dragons to an 8-2 mark and a berth in the first World Bowl. In 1997, his Dragons won the first half of the season and went on to win World Bowl '97 in Barcelona. In 1999, the Dragons posted a league-best 7-3 mark before losing to Frankfurt in the World Bowl. Also posted a league-best 8-2 record in 2001 before losing World Bowl IX to the Berlin Thunder in Amsterdam. On March 28, 2007, Bicknell stepped down as head coach of the Hamburg Sea Devils, citing health issues as the reason for his resignation.


The Uniform

The Scottish Claymores' uniforms changed almost every year of its 10 year exisitence.  Here I will attempt to point out the differences of each one.  The only thing that stayed the same was the helmet which was made by Riddell for the entire 10 years.  As always, if you have some information to add or if i have something incorrect, let me know.

1995 Uniform

HOME JERSEY: The revamping of the World League in 1995 saw new, colorful uniforms that were made by Reebok.  The Claymores' colors where blue, black, gray, white and silver.  The home jersey for 1995 had an oversized Claymore sword on the chest of the jersey with small numbering on the right side of the chest.  The Claymore logo had two shadow colors of black and dark blue.  The side panels on the home jersey were a white spandex-like material.  The sleeves were blue with the Claymores logo and name on each one.  The shoulders were blue with white X stripes to look like the Saint Andrew Scottish flag.  The Reebok logo was on the right front shoulder in 1995 with the WLAF patch on the left side, half on the shoulder material and half on the main body jersey.  The back of the jersey had oversized numbering.  All of the numbering on the home jersey was white with a silver outline and a black shadow.  The lettering was stitched on. 

AWAY JERSEY:  The Away jersey was white with white sleeves and dark blue (right?) spandex-like side panels.  Everything else was the same as the home jersey like the shoulder areas and the placement of the numbering and logo patches. The numbering was dark blue with a silver outline and a black shadow background. 

PANTS: The pants were the same for both the home and away uniforms.  They were white with striping down the sides.  The striping was a white stripe with a black outline and then a blue stripe on the other side of that. On the right side of the pants was the WLAF logo patch with the Reebok logo on the left.  Right below the Reebok logo was the Claymores sword logo patch.  The pants had a blue belt. 

SOCKS: The socks were white with a sark blue top.

SHOES: Reebok was the footwear supplier for the league in 1995.

1995 Claymores Home Jersey
Home Jersey (back)
1995 Claymores Helmet
1995 Claymores Away Jersey image
1995 Claymores Pants
Pants (left side)

1996 Uniform

HOME JERSEY: The jersey in 1996 changed a little from 1995's.  The entire uniform was a dark blue with the Saint Andrew stripes on the shoulders.  The numbering was now white with a dark blue outline.  On the 1996 jersey, the Reebok logo (minus the word Reebok), was now on the left front shoulder with the WLAF logo patch beneath it.  The WLAF logo patch was now underneath the stitching between the shoulder area and the main chest section.  The only change in this jersey was when the Claymores went to World Bowl '96 where the uniform saw a WB '96 patch on the right front shoulder. 

AWAY JERSEY: The away jersey was white with white sleeves.  The shoulder were the same as the home jersey and all of the logo patches were in the same place.  If the sleeves had an elastic end to them, they were a blue material.  The numbering was a little different than the home ones.  The chest and back numbering were black with a blue outline.  The shoulder numbers were white with a blue outline. 

PANTS: I do not have a pair of pants in my collection from this year but they look to be a light gray in color with a dark blue stripe down the sides with a white one in the middle of them.  If the Reebok logo stayed like the jerseys, then it would be most likely on the Left side with the Claymores Sword logo by it. 

SOCKS: Socks were white with a dark blue top.

SHOES: Since Reebok was still the supplier, players wore Reebok cleats.

OTHER ITEMS: During the 1996 World Bowl, players were seen wearing a towel from their belt with the World Bowl '96 logo on it and was made by Wilson.

1996 Claymores Home Jersey (World Bowl '96 Jersey)
World Bowl '96 Patch
World Bowl '96 Players Towel
1996 Claymores Away Jersey
Claymores Away Jersey (back)

1997 Uniform

HOME JERSEY: 1997 saw a change in all of the uniforms of the league.  The uniforms were now made by Fab-Knit, a Toronto, Ontario, Canada based company (www.fab-knit.com).  Gone was the oversized team logos which made the jerseys unique (my opinion).  The home jersey was now completely dark blue.  The Claymores Sword logo was more centered on the jersey without any of the shadowing from the previous two seasons.  On the right side chest was the small numbering like before which were white with a blue outline.  The numbering on the back was large like before with the same coloring as well as the shoulder numbers.  On the sleeves were the Claymores' logo and lettering.  The Fab-Knit logo patch was on the left front shoulder right above the stitching of the main chest area.  The WLAF logo patch was at the bottom of the collar and a lot smaller than the previous years. 

PANTS: The pants

The Socks:

1997 Claymores Away Jersey
Claymores Away Jersey (back)

1998 Uniform

Home Jersey: The WLAF was now NFL Europe and the uniform was now getting simpler.  The uniform was now made by Champion and we began to see sponsorship on the jerseys like ScotRail which was on the left front shoulder this year. 

1998 Claymores Home Jersey
Claymores Home Jersey
1998 Claymores Helmet

1999 Uniform

HOME JERSEY: In 1999, the uniforms were made by Puma. The Jerseys were dark blue with a gray striped collar.  On each sleeve was the Claymores Sword and logo patches.  Above these patches was the Puma logo stitched into the jersey.  The numbering was now gone from the shoulders but was still on the front and back, the same size.  The numbers were white with a gray outline.  On the right front shoulder was a long rectangular sponsor patch from Ericsson.  On the left front shoulder sleeve was an oversized Coors Light patch. 

AWAY JERSEY:  The away jersey was white with white sleeves.  The Claymores and Puma logo patches are in the same place as the home jersey.  The numbering was dark blue with a silver outline.  The shoulder area was dark blue and had both sponsorship patches in the same place as the home jersey. 

PANTS: The pants were gray with a wide black stripe down both sides.  Within each stripe was the Claymores' Sword patch.  On the right front of the pants was the Puma stitched logo.  On the left was the NFL Europe logo patch. 

SOCKS: Socks were white with a black top. 

1999 Claymores Pants (missing NFLE patch)

2000 Uniform

2000 Claymores Home Jersey
Claymores Home Jersey (back)
2000 Claymores Away Jersey
Claymores Away Jersey (back)

2001 Uniform

2001 Claymores Home Jersey
Claymores Home Jersey (back)
2001 Claymores Away Jersey
Claymores Away Jersey (back)

2002 Uniform

2002 Claymores Home Jersey
Claymores Home Jersey (back)

2003 Uniform

2003 Claymores Away Jersey
Claymores Away Jersey (back)

2004 Uniform

2004 Claymores Home Jersey
Claymores Home Jersey (back)
2004 Claymores Away Jersey
Claymores Away Jersey (back)

The Stadiums




Murrayfield Stadium (usually just known as Murrayfield) is a sports stadium located in the west end of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. Its all-seater capacity was recently reduced from 67,800 to 67,130 to incorporate the largest permanent "big screen" in the country though it still remains the largest stadium in Scotland and one of the largest in the United Kingdom overall.

The stadium is the home of the Scottish Rugby Union (SRU), and is primarily used as a venue for rugby union and hosts most of Scotland's home test matches, as well as the Edinburgh Sevens, the Scottish Hydro Electric Cup final, as well as Magners League and Heineken Cup matches.

Although mainly a rugby union stadium, Murrayfield has in the past hosted American football, rugby league and association football matches and music concerts. The most notable of the latter was the Edinburgh 50,000 - The Final Push concert as part of Live 8.

LocationMurrayfield, Edinburgh
Coordinates55°56′32.07″N 3°14′27.38″W / 55.9422417°N 3.2409389°W / 55.9422417; -3.2409389Coordinates: 55°56′32.07″N 3°14′27.38″W / 55.9422417°N 3.2409389°W / 55.9422417; -3.2409389
OwnerScottish Rugby Union
SurfaceUnderheated Grass
ArchitectConnor Milligan

Scottish Rugby Union
Edinburgh Rugby
Edinburgh Sevens
Heart of Midlothian

Scottish Claymores




Hampden Park in Glasgow is Scotland's national stadium. Its primary use is as the home to Queen's Park F.C., the Scotland national football team and Scottish cup finals. It is also used for music concerts and other sporting events.

Hampden was built in 1903, though all signs of the original stadium are long gone. It celebrated its centenary on 31 October 2003. The stadium also houses the offices of the Scottish Football Association, SPL and Scottish Football League. Hampden has hosted prestigious sporting events, including three Champions League finals and a UEFA Cup final. It held UEFA five-star stadium status which was superseded by a new system of classification

LocationMount Florida, Glasgow, Scotland
Coordinates55°49′33″N 4°15′7″W / 55.82583°N 4.25194°W / 55.82583; -4.25194

1995 Results, Stats, Roster
1996 Results, Stats, Roster
1997 Results, Stats, Roster
1998 Results, Stats, Roster
1999 Results, Stats. Roster
2000 Results, Stats, Roster
2001 Results, Stats, Roster
2002 Results, Stats, Roster
2003 Results, Stats, Roster
2004 Results, Stats, Roster

Click here to find out about American Football in Scotland today: http://www.scottishamericanfootball.info/

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